What is Typhoid fever?

Typhoid fever refers to an acute illness caused by fever due to the Salmonella Enterica serotype Typhi bacteria. Salmonella para typhi is another related bacterium that can cause a milder form of the illness. The bacteria is spread by humans when it is deposited in food or water.

Since the early 1900s when thousands of cases were reported, the incidence of typhoid disease in the United States has dropped markedly. This is due to better environmental sanitation.


This disease is also highly prevalent in India, Pakistan, and Egypt. Typhoid fever is a deadly disease that kills approximately 200,000 people each year worldwide.

What causes typhoid fever?

The bacterium Salmonella typhi (S. Typhi is caused by the bacterium Salmonella typhi (S. The bacteria can spread through food, drink, and water contaminated with the bacteria. People with Salmonella Typhi have bacteria in their bloodstream and intestinal tract.

Salmonella Typhi is shed from the body in feces. Typhoid fever can be contracted if you consume food or drinks that have been prepared by someone who has sprayed the bacteria and does not properly wash their hands. Local water supplies may be contaminated by sewage containing Salmonella Typhi in less developed countries.

Some cases show that people who have had typhoid before may still be carrying Salmonella Typhi bacteria. They are the carriers of the disease. They can spread the disease even if they don’t have symptoms (as in the famous “Typhoid Mary” case in the U.S.

What are the symptoms of typhoid fever?

Early signs of the disease include abdominal pain, fever, and a general feeling of unwellness. These symptoms can be confused with other diseases.

Typhoid fever often causes severe symptoms such as:-

  • High fever up to 104 degrees Fahrenheit
  • Headaches
  • Constipation, abdominal pain, and diarrhea may occur later.
  • You may have small, red spots (rose-colored spots), on your chest or abdomen.
  • Appetite loss and weakness

Typhoid fever can also be manifested by:-

  • Aches in the body
  • Bloody stool
  • Chills
  • Fatigue severe
  • Difficulty paying close attention
  • Hallucinations, confusion, and agitation (sighting or hearing things that don’t exist)

How can typhoid fever be diagnosed?

To diagnose this fever, doctors use a simple stool or blood test. This test detects the presence of Salmonella Typhi in stool or blood samples.

Because it is rare, doctors in the United States may not initially consider typhoid disease. Tell your doctor immediately if you travel to an area where you fear typhoid fever might be present, or if there is a possibility that you may have been exposed to someone with the disease.

How can typhoid fever be treated?

Antibiotics are used to treat typhi fever. These antibiotics kill the bacteria responsible for the infection.

Typhoid fever can be treated with cotrimoxazole (Bactrim) or chloramphenicol in many cases. Doctors also use fluoroquinolones, including Levaquin(r), Cipro(r), and Levaquin (r), as well as cephalosporins (including Cefepime (r),) and azithromycin.

Your doctor will make the decision based on current recommendations. The United States and most countries around the world have access to antibiotics. Do not try to self-treat using leftover antibiotics.

Depending on the severity and extent of the infection, some people may need support therapies such as fluid replacement or electrolyte substitution.

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